Brass Series

Brass is an alloy of copper and zine, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical, electrical, and chemical properties. It is a substitutional alloy: atoms of the two constituents may replace each other within the same crystal structure.

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Grade list of copper and copper alloys by country
ClassificationChinaGermanyAmericaJapanEnglandEuropeInternational
oxygen free copperTU12.0076C10200C1020RC103
TU2Cu-OF-H110C11000c1011C101
Vacuum oxygen free copperE-Cu58TU00c10206N
high puritycopper-OFEc10500c10700
Silver copperTAg 0.1CuAg 0.1C10400C1040CuAg 0.1
brassH90CuZn10C22000C2200CZ101CuZn10CW501L
H70CuZn30C26000C2600CZ106CuZn30CW505L
H68C26200C2620CuZn33CW506L
H65CuZn35C27000C2700CZ107CuZn36CW507L
H63CuZn37C27200C2720CZ108CuZn37CW508L
H62CuZn40C28000C2800CZ109CW509L
bronzeQSn4-0.3CuSn4C51100C5111PB101CuSn4CW450K
CuSn5C51000C5101CuSn5CW451K
QSn6.5-0.1CuSn6C51900C5191PB103CuSn6CW452K
QSn8-0.3CuSn8C52100C5210CuSn8CW453K
QSn6.5-0.4
copper-nickelBZn18-18CuNi18Zn20C75200C7521NS106CuNi18Zn20
BZn18-26CuNi18Zn27C77000C7701NS107CuNi18Zn27CW410J
BZn15-20C7541CW409J
BZn18-10C7350
pure copperTU2OF-Cu58C10100C1011C101CW008Acopper oxide
T2SW——copperC11000C1100C101copper - FRHC
TP2SF-CuC12200C1220C106CW024Acopper - DHP
TP1SW-copperC12000C1201CW023Acopper DLP

 

1.  Brass has long been a popular material for decoration due to its bright, gold-like appearance; being used for drawer pulls and doorknobs. It has also been widely used to make utensils due to properties such as having a low melting point, high workability (both with hand tools and with modern turning and milling machines), durability, and electrical and thermal conductivity.

2.  such as horns and bells, and also used as a substitute for copper in making costume jewelry, fashion jewelry, and other imitation jewelry. The composition of brass, generally 66% copper and 34% zinc, makes it a favorable substitute for copper based jewelry, as it exhibits greater resistance to corrosion. Brass is often used in situations in which it is important that sparks not be struck, such as in fittings and tools used near flammable or explosive materials.

Brass is more malleable than bronze or zinc. The relatively low melting point of brass (900 to 940 °C, 1,650 to 1,720 °F, depending on composition) and its flow characteristics make it a relatively easy material to cast. By varying the proportions of copper and zinc, the properties of the brass can be changed, allowing hard and soft brasses. The density of brass is 8.4 to 8.73 g/cm3 (0.303 to 0.315 lb/cu in).

Today, almost 90% of all brass alloys are recycled.Because brass is not ferromagnetic, it can be separated from ferrous scrap by passing the scrap near a powerful magnet. Brass scrap is collected and transported to the foundry, where it is melted and recast into billets. Billets are heated and extruded into the desired form and size. The general softness of brass means that it can often be machined without the use of cutting fluid, though there are exceptions to this.

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